NORTHWOODS is a wildlife-habitat electronic database compiled through a joint effort of
the USDA Forest Service's North Central Forest Experiment Station (NCFES) and seven
national forests in the Upper Great Lakes Region: Chippewa, Superior, Chequamegon,
Nicolet, Ottawa, Hiawatha, and Huron-Manistee. Each forest provided a wildlife-habitat
database which the NCFES edited and revised to one common format. These seven databases
were combined to form one new database (NORTHWOODS) representative of wildlife-habitat
relationships throughout the region.
The NORTHWOODS database is a compilation of information about the habitat needs of 389
species of reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals in the Upper Great Lakes Region. It
includes data such as common and scientific names of each wildlife species, occurrence of
each species in 20 aquatic and terrestrial habitat types, species abundance and season of
use in each of seven national forests, and Federal threatened or endangered status. A
thorough description of this database and summaries of data queries are included in a 1992
Research Paper, "Wildlife of the Upper Great Lakes Region: A Community Profile,"
by Janine M. Benyus, Richard R. Buech, and Mark D. Nelson, North Central Forest Experiment
The NORTHWOODS database can be used in the planning phase of wildlife habitat
management. For example, NORTHWOODS users can identify the wildlife community that would
be expected in any chosen habitat type, or they can look up the habitats used by a
species, by all endangered species, etc. Generalizations concerning the wildlife community
also can be examined through user-defined queries. For example, one can determine the
proportion of species that use upland versus lowland forest sites, mature versus young
forest age classes, deciduous versus coniferous forest types, etc. Users may add species
records and data fields as needed.
Although the species-habitat data were derived from national forests across the Upper
Great Lakes Region, the NORTHWOODS database does not include every species within the
wildlife community of the region. Species not found within one of the seven national
forests are not present in this database. In addition, a species is listed as using a
habitat type only if it is present in that type in at least half of the forests in which
it occurs. Common and scientific names were current when the database was created in 1989.
The NORTHWOODS database is available in a tab-delimited
ASCII file format that can be imported into most spreadsheet, database, and word
processing programs. Data fields and definitions were excerpted
from the publication (RP-NC-301) referenced above and also are available in an ASCII file
format. To save either of these files, select "Save As..." or "Save File
As..." after clicking its link above.
For help with problems, contact: