USDA Forest Service

North Central Research Station


North Central Research Station
1992 Folwell Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108

(651) 649-5000

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service.

Landscape Change Integrated Program
- What are the Consequences of Landscape Change?

Impacts of Landscape Change

[photo:] A medium density residential development in a suburb of St. Paul, MNDevelopment-related landscape change can affect people and ecosystems in many ways. Some of the consequences of change can be positive; in a recent study about private forestland parcelization and development in northern Wisconsin, stakeholders participating in discussion forums said that increased fragmentation of forest cover could increase some desired types of wildlife, particularly edge species, and that human population increases have expanded the range of goods and services available in some rural communities.

Most participants, however, felt the negative impacts of change were far more pervasive than the positive ones. In that study and others conducted over the last 5 years, we have begun to systematically document and quantify how development-related changes are affecting the people and ecosystems of the Midwest region.

In the following sections, we highlight four studies that illuminate the consequences of change within and across the region.

Effects of Urbanization on Songbird Populations
Effects of Housing Density on Timber Harvesting
Protecting the Health of Oak Forests in Urbanizing Landscapes
The Perceived Impacts of Urban Sprawl Across Thirteen Midwestern Cities


USDA Forest Service - North Central Research Station
Last Modified: Friday, 16 January 2004

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