Research Work Unit 4401
||By improving fire weather
forecasts, we can reduce risks to life, land, and personal
The atmosphere plays a significant role in governing the natural
processes that occur in terrestrial, riparian, and aquatic ecosystems.
In light of this, we have developed a climatology of variables known
to influence the North-central and Northeastern US.
It is becoming increasingly apparent that mesoscale aspects of the
weather are vitally important to understanding the initiation and
evolution of forest fires, as well as the resultant smoke transport.
The Eastern Area Modeling Consortium is a multi-agency research group
formed to address this need by developing a mesoscale atmospheric
modeling system to serve the research needs of the consortium
In cooperation with Michigan Tech University, a Free-Air
Carbon-dioxide Enrichment facility (FACE) has been developed at
Rhinelander, Wisc. The objective of the research is to examine
the effects of interacting elevated carbon dioxide and ozone on carbon
allocation and growth in a regenerating aspen forest ecosystem.
The Lower Atmosphere Severity Index (often called the Haines Index
or LASI) describes the above-surface air mass as it affects large
and/or erratic wildland fires. LASI is most important when the
surface fire danger is high; if LASI is also high, it can lead to
In cooperation with Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
in Richland WA, we seek to determine the frequency and the spatial and
temporal patterns of ozone in the Great Lakes region, and the
circulation and temperature patterns associated with them.