USDA Forest Service

North Central Research Station


North Central Research Station
1992 Folwell Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108

(651) 649-5000

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service., the U.S. government's official web portal.

Introducing the Northern Research Station

The North Central Research Station and the Northeastern Research Station have joined to form the Northern Research Station. Our 20-state region spans the Midwest from Minnesota to Missouri and the Northeast from Maine to Maryland.

Missouri has 13 million acres of timberland, which:
Bulleted item Covers 30 percent of the state area
Bulleted item Ranks 20th out of 50 states
Bulleted item Comprises 15 percent public ownership

Oak-hickory type makes up nearly three-quarters of the timberland.

Map of the State of Missouri.  Shows the Distribution of Forested Land.  Most of Missouri's Forested Land is in the south central and southeastern part of the State.

Growing stock volume in Missouri increased 51 percent between 1989 and 1999.
Graph of Missouri Timber Volume - The timber volume has been increasing over time Growing stock volume in 1999 was 13.6 billion cubic feet. An additional 3.4 billion cubic feet occur in non-growing stock trees. These trees are not normally used for products but they provide wildlife habitat and biodiversity
Private individuals own 83 percent of Missouri's timberland.
That private ownership is spread among 302,600 individuals.
National Forests contain 9 percent of the timberland.
Ownership by timber tract size
Bulleted item 52% own 10 acres or more
Bulleted item 9% own 100 acres or more

The forest products industry contributes $3 billion annually to Missouri's economy.
The state's forest products industry included

Bulleted item 417 sawmills
Bulleted item 1 veneer mills
Bulleted item 8 cooperage/stave mills
Bulleted item 7 post, pole, and piling mills
Bulleted item 21 other mills

The Missouri Ozarks have the greatest concentration of oak timberland in the North Central region. Site quality and timber volume per acre are low compared to other parts of the region.

ssues and Opportunities for Missouri Forests
Oak decline has cause extensive mortality in mature scarlet oak and black oak stands. This is due to continued drought and the increasing maturity of Missouri's hardwood forests. Red oak borers are causing increasing mortality in red oak stands.

Increased management and improved harvesting techniques on private lands could increase tree quality and shift forest composition toward higher value species.

Urban sprawl is contributing to parcelization and fragmentation of large land holdings. This imposes more management restrictions.

Our Contributions
Every year, the North Central Research Station's field crews inventory sample plots on public and private lands in Missouri. That information feeds our annual report of forest conditions and timber product outputs. Additional information about Missouri's forests is available in the following North Central publications.

Timber Resource in Missouri (Resource Bulletin NC-119)
Missouri's Forest Resources in 1999 (Resource Note NC-375)

North Central Partners in Missouri
In addition to forest inventory and analysis, we engage in research with an array of partners in Indiana. A sample of those partners is listed below.

Bulleted item Missouri Department of Conservation
Bulleted item Mark Twain National Forest

USDA Forest Service - North Central Research Station
Last Modified: Tuesday, 08 April 2003

USDA logo which links to the department's national site.Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.