USDA Forest Service

North Central Research Station


North Central Research Station
1992 Folwell Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108

(651) 649-5000

United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service., the U.S. government's official web portal.

Introducing the Northern Research Station

The North Central Research Station and the Northeastern Research Station have joined to form the Northern Research Station. Our 20-state region spans the Midwest from Minnesota to Missouri and the Northeast from Maine to Maryland.

Minnesota has 15 million acres of timberland, which:
Bulleted item Covers 29 percent of the state area
Bulleted item Ranks 17th out of 50 states
Bulleted item Comprises 52 percent public ownership

Aspen makes up the largest component of the growing stock volume on Minnesota timberlands.


More than half of the timberland in Minnesota is publicly owned.
In Minnesota, 103,300 private individuals own timberland in Minnesota.
Non-industrial private landowners own 40 percent of timberlands and forest industries own 5 percent.
Ownership by timber tract size

Bulleted item 63 percent own 10 acres or more
Bulleted item 14 percent own 100 acres or more

Map of the State of Minnesota showing Forested Land.  Most of Indiana's Forested Land is in the Northeastern part of the State

The forest products industry contributes $7.7 billion annually to Minnesota's economy.
The state's forest products industry included

Bulleted item 568 sawmills
Bulleted item 1 veneer mills
Bulleted item 10 pulp mills
Bulleted item 6 particleboard mills
Bulleted item 2 cooperage/stave mills
Bulleted item 2 post, pole, and piling mills
Bulleted item 32 nonindustrial mills
Bulleted item 7 other mills


Minnesota has a greater proportion of publicly owned timberland (52%) than any other state in the North Central region. The average for the region is 30 percent.


Issues and Opportunities for Minnesota Forests
The area of early successional forest appears to be decreasing in Minnesota.  To meet expected industrial demands, research and the forest products industry need to investigate the potential utilization of alternative species such as tamarack and birch.

Minnesota's forests continue to experience die-off. Problems such as spruce bud-worm infestation, oak wilt disease, and weather events such as blow downs affect the available supply of timber. Mortality can have both positive and negative effects on wildlife habitat, recreational opportunities, and forest composition.

Our Contributions
Every year, the North Central Research Station's field crews inventory sample plots on public and private lands in Minnesota. That information feeds our annual report of forest conditions and timber product outputs. Additional information about Minnesota's forests is available in the following North Central publications.

Minnesota Forest Statistics, 1990. Revised (Resource Bulletin NC-158)
An Analysis of Minnesoat's Fifth Forest Inventory, 1990 (Resource Bulletin NC-165)
Minnesota's Forest Resources in 1999 (Research Note NC-376)

North Central Partners in Minnesota
In addition to forest inventory and analysis, we engage in research with an array of partners in Minnesota. A sample of those partners is listed below.

Bulleted item  Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
Bulleted item  University of Minnesota,
  Bulleted item Department of Forest Resources
Bulleted item Conservation Biology Program
Bulleted item Department of Applied Economics
Bulleted item Chippewa National Forest
Bulleted item Superior National Forest


USDA Forest Service - North Central Research Station
Last Modified: Tuesday, 08 April 2003

USDA logo which links to the department's national site.Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.